Diwali in India: Festival of Lights

Diwali, also known ‌as ⁣the Festival of Lights, is one of the most popular and celebrated‌ festivals in​ India. The ‌festival brings⁤ with it a sense ‍of joy and happiness, as people around the country celebrate with traditions ​and festivities that are unique to ‌India. Diwali symbolizes the victory of light over darkness, good over⁢ evil, and knowledge over ignorance. The festival is celebrated for five ⁤days in the Hindu month of Kartik (October/November)⁣ and is celebrated ⁢with much enthusiasm ‍and grandeur. The ‍festivities include lighting⁣ diyas ‍(candles/lamps),⁣ exchanging gifts, organizing get-togethers, and attending fireworks shows. Join us as⁤ we take a ​closer look at Diwali -⁣ the Festival of Lights in India.

1. Celebration of Diwali in India

Every year, all around the ‌India, Diwali, the festival of ​lights is celebrated with enthusiasm and joy. During this festival, people clean out their ⁣homes, brighten it with diyas and decorative ⁢lights in‌ order to welcome and honor the god⁢ of wealth and⁣ prosperity, Lakshmi.​ Diwali is an important festival for all Hindus. It​ is celebrated in honor of Lord Ram’s return to‍ Ayodhya ‌after his fourteen⁤ years of ‍exile.

The festival begins with Dhanteras, ​the first day of ⁢the five-day celebration. People purchase utensils and ⁢other items for their homes. Next, ⁢the second day of Diwali, Naraka Chaturdashi people wake up early in the morning, take a bath, get dressed and‌ draw beautiful designs, known as rangolis, in front of‌ their ​homes.‍ Third day is‍ the main and important day ‍of Diwali. People dress up, exchange gifts, offer prayers ⁢to Goddess Lakshmi and in the evening they light up their homes with diyas and candles.

Fourth day‌ is called Govardhan Puja, where people offer prayers to Lord Vishnu and thank​ him for his blessings. On the last and fifth day of Diwali, Baisakhi ​is celebrated, which marks the beginning of the Hindu solar new year. People visit each ‍other to exchange gifts,‌ decor ⁤their homes with drapes ‌and floral decorations.⁤ The celebrations of Diwali end in the evening ⁢with‍ a grand fireworks display.

The ⁢festival of Diwali portrays the victory ‌of light over darkness and ⁣good ​over evil.​ Through lighting up their homes with diyas and​ candles, people welcome positivity and hope into‍ their⁣ lives. People also exchange sweets and gifts on this occasion and enjoy⁣ their feasts with family⁢ and friends. As the diyas and fireworks ⁢illuminate the night ⁢sky, it signifies a time for love, ⁣joy and togetherness. This is why Diwali is one of the most joyous festivals in⁣ India. ⁤

2. Religious Significance‍ of Diwali

Diwali‍ is considered to be India’s most beloved festival, and with good reason–it is one of the⁢ most important religious festivals in Hinduism. This‍ festival is celebrated in honor of the Hindu gods and goddesses and‌ is believed to bring peace, prosperity, and joy to all who observe it. The celebration stems from the ​story ​of Rama and Sita, who after defeating Ravana, lit the streets with clay diyas or ‌lamps ‍to⁣ find their way back home. This is why diyas are lit ‍as‌ a part of the tradition of Diwali, so that the light of god⁢ can reach‌ every home and bring‌ in ⁢abundance.

The celebration of Diwali is based on various religious beliefs. For instance,

  • ‍ Dhanteras marks the beginning of the​ Diwali celebrations and‌ is celebrated two days before Diwali. It is said that‍ on this‌ day goddess Lakshmi ⁢emerged from the churning ‍of the sea⁣ and blessed wealth and prosperity to all.
  • Naraka Chaturdashi is celebrated a day before Diwali ⁢to commemorate the victory of god Krishna over the asura Narakasura.
  • Lakshmi Pujan marks the ⁤main day of Diwali and is a ‌day to worship the ⁢goddess of wealth and area.
  • ⁤Govardhan Puja is celebrated when people offer​ prayers to god Vishnu and seek his protection and blessings.
  • Bhai Dooj marks the end of the Diwali⁤ celebrations and ⁤is celebrated on the ​fifth‌ day. This is when brothers and ‌sisters exchange ‍gifts and express their love for each other.

Diwali, then, is a celebration of⁣ all the gods and⁢ goddesses in Hinduism and is a great ⁣occasion to ⁢express gratitude‌ and ⁣seek blessings for oneself and for one’s family.

3. ‍The ‌Symbolism of Diwali Lights

The Significance of the ‌Flame

Diwali lights, or ‘diyas’, are an ⁣important‌ part of‌ Diwali celebrations. Since ancient times, lights have been used to ward off ⁣evil forces and to⁢ bring good luck. Not⁣ only⁢ are diyas lit inside homes, but also in outdoor spaces, such as gardens and temple courtyards. The glow of the diyas is thought to bring bright ⁤and happy days in the⁤ coming year.

The Spiritual Meaning Behind Diwali

The ⁣lights of ‌the diyas represent the ​victory of good over evil and are a powerful ⁤reminder to stay true to the paths of wisdom and truth.⁤ It is believe that the light of the diya guides human ‍beings through ⁣dark and perilous times. It is also believed that it can spread‍ love,⁣ peace and‍ harmony between ‍all people.

A Symbol of Prosperity

When ‌Diwali is celebrated around the ⁢world, many decorations ‌and lights are used​ to symbolise the⁣ joy and prosperity of the season.​ During the festival, it is customary to⁤ light diyas ​both inside and outside the home to draw⁢ in wealth, success, and happiness. The diyas themselves‌ are thought to generate a positive energy that attracts​ those things we wish for.

A Cultural Tradition

The traditional⁤ customs of lighting⁤ diyas during Diwali is ​a cultural symbol of ‍Indian culture, and is a way of connecting with ​our ancestors.‌ It is a ⁤time⁤ when people of‍ all religions can come together in peace and be part of the ⁣global festivities. Diwali marks a time of new⁢ beginnings ⁢and hope, and is ‍the perfect way to start ⁤the year with a renewed sense of optimism.

4. Diwali Celebrations Across India


Karnataka celebrates Diwali with full gusto. It is known⁤ as Naraka Chaturthi and is celebrated‍ as per ⁤lunar calendar. Mishti Kollu is made of wheat⁣ flour, jaggery and sesame seeds and this is offered to Lord⁢ Krishna with a lot of​ enthusiasm. Community is ​decorated with mango and banana leaves and ​known as Deepollu.


Diwali ⁤celebrations in⁣ Gujarat is full of fun and excitement. ‍Gujarati diwali includes decorations of the homes and festival rituals. People put diyas and rangolis in the streets and doorways of their⁢ homes and worship Goddess‌ Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha.

West Bengal

People of West Bengal celebrate Diwali ​as ‍Kali ⁣Puja and perform ‍rituals dedicated to Goddess Kali. Clay figures of Kali are made and kept in the houses and later submerged in a deep pond as an offering to the goddess. People exchange sweets, crackers and ‍gifts and‍ small clay‌ lamps‌ known as ⁤Diya​ are lit throughout the night.

Tamil Nadu

Diwali ​is called Deepavali in ⁣Tamil Nadu. During Diwali, it is believed that Goddess Lakshmi visits homes and ⁣Lord Krishna⁤ killed⁤ the demon Narakasura. People ⁢take a dip in⁢ holy‌ rivers like Ganga and Yamuna and wear new clothes. Houses are lit up by diyas ‍and crackers are burst.

Uttar Pradesh

People⁣ in ⁢Uttar Pradesh have unique ways of celebrating Diwali. The nights are lit up with the diyas and⁢ earthen oil lamps known as Chilka and Tikka. Celebrations include card parties,⁣ family dinners and​ bursting of firecrackers. People exchange gifts, ​sweets and savouries for ⁤the festivities.

5. Customs & Traditions of Diwali

1. Jolliness ⁤and Bliss:‌ Diwali⁢ is⁢ a festival of⁣ joy and it is ‍brightly celebrated throughout different parts of India. Hindus ​perform rituals and customs to seek‍ the blessings of the gods. ‌Colourful rangolis, fireworks and traditional songs known as bhajans are ⁤integral aspects of Diwali in India.

2. Homes ⁣and Temples Iblluminated: Homes, temples and other religious places are brightly illuminated with oil lamps. Coconut oil lamps signify good luck ‍and⁣ wisdom and are lit in ‍households that last for five days.

3. Celebrated⁢ with Family and Friends:⁤ Family and friends get together ‍to celebrate Diwali. They share sweets ⁣and exchange gifts to show ‌their love and appreciation for each other.⁣

4. Goddess Lakshmi Pooja: Diwali is a celebration of the victory of light over⁤ darkness. The goddess Lakshmi, who ⁤is the goddess of wealth, is worshiped. The pooja involves a host ⁤of rituals ⁢and offerings.

5. Delicacies and Fireworks: Homemade traditional dishes are prepared and shared among⁣ neighbors, family⁢ and‌ friends. Sparklers, colorful fireworks⁣ and decorative lights​ lining the streets bring the⁢ night to live.

6. Diwali in the Digital Age

The‍ festival of Diwali marks the⁤ beginning of a new ⁣year ⁣for many in ⁤India.⁢ Over the years, ‍Diwali has become increasingly ⁢popular and⁢ celebrated over the world. ⁢With the technological‌ advancements of the modern day world, the festival of Diwali has taken a new form in the​ digital age.

Online Greetings

In today’s times, ⁤social media ⁤has made it easier for‍ people to stay connected on special occasions like Diwali. From Diwali ​e-cards to WhatsApp and Facebook messages – people can now wish their loved‍ ones across‍ countries. Multifarious virtual greeting cards are available online, ‌enabling people to express their feeling without⁣ having⁤ to worry about the geographical distance.

Online Shopping

  • With ​the world going digital, many⁤ opt to shop online for Diwali.
  • E-commerce sites as well as‍ various ⁣online portals offer a range of gifts‍ and goodies for the festival.
  • From clothes and décor ⁢to⁣ lamps and crackers, ‌everything is available⁣ online.
  • The convenient and hassle-free ​shopping experience ‌of the​ online stores is attractive to many.

Livestream Services

Apart from cards​ and gifts, the⁤ online age has brought in streaming ‌services that help people enjoy the ‌festivities of Diwali from the comfort of​ their homes. Be it ⁢a grand display of fireworks or a‍ fabulous Diwali celebration, the shimmering diyas, the‌ sensational⁤ sounds of firecrackers⁤ and the interesting ⁢rituals can all be experienced without having ‍to leave your home.

The digital age has surely⁢ heightened the Diwali experience ‍and made ⁢it much more enjoyable.

7. Delicious Diwali Dishes

Diwali, also​ known‌ as the Festival of Lights, is celebrated across India and around ⁤the world,‌ and no​ celebration is complete without some classic Diwali‌ delicacies. Consider these favorites‌ for your Diwali feast:

  • Gujiya: This traditional​ sweet filled with a mix of desiccated coconut, nuts, and some ⁤spices⁣ is one of the most popular Diwali ‌treats. It⁣ often has a golden-brown, flaky pastry crust and a sweet stuffing meant for a delightful bite.
  • Besan Laddu: A​ denser version⁢ of the gujiya, besan laddu​ is made of roasted chickpea flour, dry fruits, sugar‌ syrup and clarified‍ butter. It is often decorated with glazed fennel seeds or⁢ slivered almonds for extra flavor.
  • Papdi Chaat: This savory snack is served during the festive season in many parts of ⁢India. It is made of papdi (deep fried wheat wafers) topped with a layer of mashed potatoes, curd, and chutneys for added flavor.
  • Shahi Tukda: ⁢ A dessert that is fit for royalty, shahi tukda is often ‌served on special occasions. This rich treat is made⁢ of ⁤thickened, creamy milk, fried ‌bread, nuts and‌ saffron for an extra ‌kick.
  • Kaju Katli: A classic⁤ Diwali sweet, kaju katli is made of cashew nuts, sugar,‍ clarified butter and cardamom. The nuts ‍are ground into a⁤ paste and​ then shaped into diamond pieces, making it a statement⁣ piece on any Diwali dinner table.
  • Dahi ‌Vada: One the ⁤most popular street foods in India,⁣ dahi vada is made of ⁣dumplings, yogurt, and spices. It is often topped with sev ‍for added crunch and ⁤makes for a delicious Diwali‌ snack.

From traditional sweets, to snacks and desserts,‍ these dishes are ​sure to make ​Diwali ‌a‌ memorable event for your family and friends.

8. Recommendations for a Memorable ⁤Diwali Celebration

Diwali, ‍often referred to ‍as the Festival of Lights, is a five-day celebration that ⁤marks the​ Hindu New ‍Year. Despite ​being celebrated all⁢ around⁣ India, it is particularly special in the North where it has been part of the culture for centuries. This event usually takes place ‌between⁢ mid-October​ and mid-November. If you want to have an unforgettable Diwali experience,‍ make sure⁤ to follow these eight helpful tips:

  • Decorate your space:
    Decorations⁤ are a key part of any Diwali celebration. From elaborate strings of lights ​adorning ​rooftops ⁤to ‍intricate rangolis brightening ‌doorsteps, ‌these signs of festivity can really add to the atmosphere. Don’t ​forget the diyas and lamps either – make sure to light them up in the evening as soon as ​the sun sets.
  • Gift shopping:
    Whether you’re giving⁢ gifts to your friends and family in India or abroad, Diwali is the best time ⁣of year to shop. Make sure to get something unique for each of your loved ones – the best gifts ‌tend to be those homemade with love.
  • Invite your nearest and ⁤dearest:
    Diwali is the ⁢perfect opportunity to have a ‌catch-up ⁣with⁤ friends and family. ‍Invite your nearest and dearest over for a meal and spend ⁢quality time with those closest to⁤ you. If you can’t⁣ have people over, schedule​ a virtual get-together and use this⁣ as‌ a chance to bond from afar.
  • Cooking:
    If you’ve been ⁤wanting to learn some traditional Indian⁣ dishes, Diwali is the ⁣perfect excuse. Make sure ‌to‍ include classic dishes like kheer, balushahis, rasgullas and sev barfi. Don’t forget the savoury snacks​ like samosas, pakodas and​ bhajiyas. Serve ⁣with‌ plenty of ⁤chutneys, dips and pickles ⁢and you’ll have a memorable meal for sure.
  • Play games:
    Playing ​games is one of the⁤ main attractions during Diwali. If you have enough people to ⁢make it worth playing, you can ​go ‌all out with ⁤traditional board games like ludo or caroms. Alternatively, you could break out a pack of cards and play rummy or teen patti.
  • Visit ‍temples:
    Visiting temples is a⁣ great way to spend the festival of Diwali. Make sure to offer prayers ⁣to Lord Ganesha ‌and Goddess ‌Lakshmi ⁤for their abundant blessings. ⁣You⁤ can even ask the priest⁣ to perform ⁣sacred rituals ‌such as puja or ⁤aarti on your behalf.
  • Set​ off firecrackers:
    Sending off firecrackers and sky lanterns is one of the most memorable activities associated with Diwali. Buy some rockets, sparklers,⁢ and ⁤other colourful explosives ‍from the local store and let the good times roll. Make sure to stay ​safe ​though and never let children ​play with them on their ⁣own.
  • Contribute to charity:
    Conducting​ charitable activities is an important ⁣part of Diwali. Set aside a ​small portion​ of your‍ budget for charity and reach‌ out to the less fortunate. Make sure to do your bit to help those in need – this is one of the ‌best ways to celebrate Diwali in true⁤ spirit.

Diwali is a vibrant celebration⁢ in ‍India that ⁢brings families and communities together. While the holiday may look and feel different this⁤ year due to‍ the pandemic, its spirit of⁣ joy, love, and celebration will never⁣ be forgotten. ‍May‌ the Festival of Lights bring you luck, health,‍ and peace, wherever you are.

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